There are principles of composition. There is an established, visual ordering and formal structure, and Western composition is very different from Eastern.
In the visual arts, we need to consider Line, Shape, Colour, Texture, Tone, Space, Layout, Lighting, Perspective, Balance, Movement, Emphasis, Rhythm, and whether the WHOLE is interesting and expressive of intention. There are ways of making something a bit boring into something of interest and worth looking at or giving time to let the artist's work speak.
Awareness takes time to develop but it is well worth honing an evaluating eye on this great subject.